学习青年亚文化? 一个关于我们对青少年偏见的挑战外文翻译资料

 2022-11-13 17:48:56


a challenge to our preconceptions about youth

Of the 30 or more publications produced by the Australian Clearinghouse for Youth Studies over the past ten years, the biggest reader response was to our 1993 title, Youth Subcultures, Theory, History and the Australian Experience. It was therefore not difficult to decide this year that the topic of youth subcultures warranted another look, but with a different emphasis. The result is Australian Youth Subcultures: On the margins and in the mainstream. Rob White, the editor of both of these anthologies, describes here the context of each book and the significance of learning more about the youth-specific cultural experiences and activities of Australian young people.

Sheila Allison, ACYS publisher

THE STUDY of Australian youth subcultures has developed greatly over the last decade. Many more people are writing about and researching the cultural activities and life worlds of young people than ever before.

Likewise, more topic areas are being discussed, well beyond the 'usual' areas of education and delinquency studies, so that now we know much more about the youth music scene, young peoples participation in political movements, youth street formations and so on. More empirical work is also being undertaken in ways which consciously allow for the voices, experiences and perceptions of many different young people to be heard, recorded and interpreted.

A diversity of analytical frameworks and methodological approaches has meant that the new and emerging studies are providing complex, vibrant and in many cases uniquely unorthodox 'readings' of youth cultural activity. Very often those who are doing the grounded case studies and histories of the present, are members of a subcultural group, or participants in specific types of subcultural activity, or have close peer connections with the young people associated with particular cultural activities.

Contemporary academic work is also continuing the cultural studies tradition of being sophisticated in approach and, importantly, controversial in substantive contribution. Whatever the perspective, writers are offering information and interpretations which more often than not challenge the ideas and preconceptions of the reader.

Sometimes the conventional basis of how we understand the use and appropriation of cultural materials by young people is challenged. For example, some researchers question how we view the influence of mass-produced pop culture such as the Spice Girls in the lives of young women. Other researchers consider what hip hop music means, for whom, and why, in the Australian context.

Researchers have also considered whether the so-called Generation X is apolitical and doesnt haveany interest in alternative, active social movements; what 'grrrl power' means; and why high school students participate in anti-racism marches. Still other work challenges the idea that we should view the cultural field as a 'value-neutral' arena. It suggests that we are better served by reasserting the importance of positive values, which provide boundaries and direction for young people, rather than accepting or putting up with the crass negativity and 'anything goes' moral relativism of popular culture.

We have come a long way since 1993, when the first major compendium of essays on Australian youth subcultures -- Youth Subcultures: Theory, history and the Australian experience – was published. At the time, it was noted that, for all the talk about youth culture or youth subcultural

theory, there had been very little 'on the ground' material published which described the experiences and everyday life of different groups of young people in cultural or subcultural terms. A key task of this book was simply to open up debate and discussion about the nature of youth culture and youth subcultures in their many dimensions and forms.

Accordingly, the 1993 book was compiled on the basis of the broadest possible inclusion of commentaries, histories, research strategies and theoretical accounts of youth subcultures within the Australian context. The continuing strength of the book lies in its emphasis on perspectives of the cultural life of young people. The book thus provides a useful record of the diversity and differences within the academic community regarding the objects, the methods and the politics of subcultural analysis.

The publication this year of Australian Youth Subcultures: On the margins and in the mainstream marks a significant shift in emphasis. In this case, the book has been specifically drawn together on the basis of grounded empirical study. The dearth of specific case studies has thus been addressed to some extent in the present collection. Moreover, many of the contributors are young people with close grassroots connections with the people and activities they describe and analyse. A major strength of this book, therefore, is that it draws upon the 'hands-on' work of researchers and activists who are directly involved in the lives of young people. he focus of the 1999 book is the everyday activities and life stories of young people as they negotiate their identities, their leisure time, their sexuality and their multiple places in society. The emphasis is on patterns of behaviour and shared experiences -- on where young people fit in terms of the margins and mainstreams of contemporary social life. The descriptions provided are interpretations of the behaviour and activities of a range of young people, particularly in relation to their place in the wider social structures and social dynamics of Australian society.

Taken together, the 1993 and 1999 books provide an excellent record of the scope and direction of Australian youth subcultural analysis over the last decade. Each book provides an interesting and useful piece of the jigsaw puzzle that defines and gives substance to Australian




在过去十年中,在澳大利亚青年研究中心出版的30多种出版物中,读者们最多的回应就是我们1993年的标题:青年亚文化、理论、历史和澳大利亚经验。 因此,今年决定青年亚文化的主题需要另一种看法,但这次不同于以往,操作难度较容易。 本次解读的是澳大利亚青年亚文化边缘与主流。 这两本选集的编辑Rob White在这里描述了每本书的背景以及更多地了解澳大利亚年轻人的青年特定文化经历和活动的意义。

Sheila Allison, ACYS publisher

澳大利亚青年亚文化研究在过去十年中得到了很大发展。 越来越多的人开始撰写和研究年轻人的文化活动和生活世界。

同样,目前开始了讨论更多的主题领域,远远超出“通常”的教育领域的犯罪研究,现在我们更多地了解了青少年音乐界,年轻人参与的政治运动,青年街道的形成等等。 更多的实证研究工作也正在有意识地采取允许听取,记录和解释许多不同年轻人的声音、经验和看法的方法。

多样化的分析框架和方法论方法意味着新兴研究正在为青年文化活动提供复杂、充满活力且在许多情况下独特的非正统“阅读”。 通常,那些正在进行基础案例研究和当前历史的人是亚文化群体的成员,或者是特定类型的亚文化活动的参与者,或者与与特定文化活动相关的年轻人有密切的同伴关系。

当代学术工作也在继续着传统的文化研究,这种研究在方法上是复杂的。而且重要的是,研究在实质性贡献中存在着极大的争议。 但是无论视角和方向如何,作家都在提供信息和解释,这些信息和解释往往挑战读者的想法和先入之见。

有时,我们应该如何应对年轻人对文化材料的使用和占用的传统基础受到挑战。 例如,一些研究人员询问我们如何看待大众生产的流行文化如辣妹在年轻女性生活中的影响。 其他研究人员在澳大利亚的背景下考虑嘻哈音乐对于面向的受众以及流行的背后意义。

研究人员还考虑了所谓的X一代是否是非政治性的,他们是否对其他积极的社会运动没有任何兴趣; “grrrl power”意味着什么; 以及为什么高中生会参加反种族主义游行。 还有其他工作挑战等等。我们应该将文化领域视为“价值中立”的舞台。 它表明了通过重申积极价值观的重要性,我们可以更好地让积极价值观为年轻人提供了界限和方向,而不是接受或忍受流行文化的粗俗否定和“任何事情”的道德相对主义。


青年亚文化:理论,历史和澳大利亚经验一书的出版。 当时有人指出,对于所有关于青年文化或青年亚文化的讨论理论上,出版的“实地”材料很少,描述了不同年轻人群体在文化或亚文化方面的经历和日常生活的资料更少。 本书的一项关键任务就是以多种维度和形式开展关于青年文化和青年亚文化的本质的辩论和讨论。

因此,1993年的书是在最广泛的可能包含了澳大利亚背景下青年亚文化的评论、历史、研究策略和理论叙述的基础上编写的。 本书的优势在于强调对年轻人文化生活的看法。 因此,本书提供了学术界内关于亚文化分析的对象,方法和政治的多样性和差异的有用记录。

今年出版的澳大利亚青少年亚文化:在边缘和主流一书标志着青年亚文化研究方向的重大转变。在这种情况下,本书是在扎实的实证研究的基础上专门绘制的。因此,在本集合中已经在某种程度上解决了具体案例研究的缺乏问题。此外,许多贡献者都是与他们描述和分析的人和活动有密切基层联系的年轻人。因此,本书的一个主要优点是它利用了直接参与年轻人生活的研究人员和活动家的“亲身实践”工作。 1999年书的重点是年轻人的日常活动和生活故事,他们在谈判自己的身份,闲暇时间,性取向以及社会中的多个地方。重点是行为模式和共享经验 - 年轻人适应当代社会生活的边缘和主流。所提供的描述是对一系列年轻人的行为和活动的解释,特别是与他们在更广泛的社会结构和澳大利亚社会的社会动态中的地位有关。

总的来说,1993年和1999年的书籍提供了过去十年澳大利亚青年亚文化分析的范围和方向的出色记录。 每本书都提供了一个有趣且有用的拼图游戏,它定义并为澳大利亚青年研究提供实质内容,因为这些与青年人的文化生活有关。 每一个都为年轻人的世界和年轻人对这个世界所说的内容提供了一个迷人的洞察力。 每本书还向我们讲述了我们这些研究,研究和评论年轻人的思想和观点。 对于青年亚文化,我们还有很多东西需要学习。

By Rob White

Rob White is Associate Professor in Sociology/Law at the University of Tasmania.

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